Zecharia Sitchin and the Ancient Astronaut Theory

Zecharia Sitchin

Zecharia Sitchin (Baku July 11, 1920 – New York City October 9, 2010) was a book author and scholar, best known for his research on Sumerian history.

Illustrious representative of a literature of great value focused on the so-called "mysterious archaeology" and supporter of the "ancient astronaut theory", Zecharia Sitchin was an Azerbaijani writer, naturalized US citizen.
Sitchin was born in Baku, in the Azeri Socialist Republic (today Azerbaijan) in 1920, and later moved to Palestine governed by the British Mandate, where he learned ancient and modern Hebrew together with other European and Semitic languages to which he then devoted much of his life, and had the opportunity to know the Old Testament and the archaeology of the Middle East.
After graduating in Economic History at the University of London, he returned to Israel, where he worked as a journalist and publisher and then moved to New York, where he lived until his death on October 9, 2010.

He was an expert in Sumerian civilization, so much to be one of the few scholars able to read and interpret the inscriptions in "cuneiform" characters covering ancient Sumerian and Akkadian clay tablets found in the Mesopotamian area, coming to highlight their similarities with the Greek and Christian religious "myths".
His controversial theories on the Anunnaki origins of humanity have been translated into more than 20 languages and featured on radio and television programs around the world.

Zecharia Sitchin who was also an eminent orientalist and Biblical scholar, has always disagreed on the origins of the human race and right from this idea comes to life one of his greatest works "There were giants upon the Earth": men would not have been born on Earth, but naturalized thereafter, and the Sumerian civilization itself would have been derived from a technologically advanced alien race, the Anunnaki or Anunna ("Sons of An" in Sumerian) or Elohim (in Hebrew), from Nibiru, a supposed planet of the solar system with the period of revolution of about 3600 years mentioned in the Assyrian-Babylonian mythology, and arrived on earth 450,000 years ago looking for minerals and in particular gold.

Zecharia Sitchin - Anunnaki

In fact, the existence of large celestial bodies beyond Neptune is still open to debate, especially after the discovery of Sedna: from this point of view, Sitchin’s hypothesis seems to have a concrete basis.
In keeping with the Titius-Bode Law, Sitchin also stated that in correspondence of the Solar System's main asteroids belt, there would be a planet which the Sumerians called Tiamat: since its disastrous collision with Nibiru, narrated in epic form in the Sumerian/Babylonian poem Enuma Elish, would be born the current band of asteroids and the Earth (in Sumerian, "Ki"), then pushed in its current orbit by a subsequent further gravitational perturbation of Nibiru.
The collision between these two planets would explain the arrangement of the emerged lands, as the presence of a large ocean occupying half of the globe (the Pacific Ocean) would be justified by the fact that Tiamat waters would have concentrated mostly in the sinkhole due to impact.

Starting from his first book, "The 12th planet", one of the five volumes contents in "The Complete Earth Chronicles", Sitchin has asserted that the Bible’s Elohim who said “Let us fashion The Adam in our image and after our likeness” were the Anunnaki, so Adam, the first man on Earth, he wrote, was genetically engineered by adding Anunnaki genes to those of an existing hominid, some 300,000 years ago.
The Anunnaki would then make "in lab" Homo Sapiens by crossing their race with Homo Erectus, with the primary purpose of having manpower to extract metals from the mines and later to found civilization in Mesopotamia, Egypt and India, thanks to a caste of rulers who would act as intermediaries between aliens and slaves: this should reveal a DNA source that could establish the truthfulness of the Biblical and Sumerian tales, providing conclusive physical evidence for past alien presence on Earth and an unprecedented scientific opportunity to track down the “missing link” in humankind’s evolution, unlocking the ultimate mystery of life and death:

"...the Sumerian Epic of Creation is not an allegorical myth but a sophisticated cosmogony scientifically describing how our solar system came to be...."

The megalithic structures around the planet, such as the pyramid of Giza, which according to the writer’s theories had astrological, astronomical and calendar functions, were also the work of the Anunnaki: Machu Pichu and Bad-Tibira, would have been metal processing centers so the Mesoamerican and South American civilizations are derived from the Sumerian and Akkadian civilizations and the two main Mexican and Peruvian deities, Quetzalcoatl and Viracocha, were actually Ningishzida and Ishkur transferred with some Sumerians and Africans to the new continent.

Sitchin’s studies and conclusions are, however, considered "pseudoscience and pseudohistory" by the traditional scientific community, historians and academics: his works have been strongly criticized because they are based on insufficient knowledge or specific studies on Mesopotamian archaeology and the history of the Ancient East and on a faulty methodology in the study of ancient Sumerian texts, erroneous translations and astronomical and scientific statements which, in their opinion, do not correspond to reality.

Although it is possible that some theories are imperfect it is equally undeniable that Zecharia Sitching deserves credits to be the first to make the issue of the ancient astronauts and Anunnaki from Nibiru, the tenth planet, worldwide popular.

When, in the beginning, The Lord created the Heaven and the Earth, The Earth, not yet formed, was in the void, and there was darkness upon Tiamat. Then the Wind of the Lord swept upon its waters and the Lord commanded, "Let there be lightning!" and there was a bright light.
-Zecharia Sitchin

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Cover image by Ernest Descals

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