The Lines of Nazca are a series of geoglyphics traced on the desert plateau between the cities of Nazca and Palpa, in Southern Peru.
These Geoglyphs are really huge: over 13,000 lines that go to form more than 800 drawings visible from the top of variable dimensions that reproduce stylized profiles of various animals ( lizard, hummingbird, spider, condor, whale etc.) but also shells, trees, geometric shapes, body parts and even a stylized human figure called "the astronaut".
The discovery by the European world of the Nazca Lines took place in 1547 thanks to the Spanish conquistador Pedro Cieza de León but is only since the beginning of 1900 , following studies carried out on them, that the most disparate theories have flourished, both as regards their function and their creation.
According to researchers, they were traced by removing iron oxide stones from the desert surface, thus leaving a chromatic contrast with the lighter underlying soil.
There are those who have defined the ceremonial paths (Meija) and who instead of the real places of worship (Kosok) to then pass to the possibility that these lines have to do with the Astronomical Calendar (Maria Reiche) and finally, the most plausible hypothesis, to the Cult of the Water (Reindel).
The most fascinating theory regarding the Nazca Lines is certainly that linked to the "Gods from the stars": according to scholars Morrison and Rostworowski, they should serve as a reference point for the legendary hero -master-god Viracocha, also known as Quetzalcoatl or Kontiki, whose return was still awaited at the time of the landing of Cortés.
Although this theory does not find a definitive match, associating those symbols to a sort of reference coordinate for those who fly would seem the only sensible answer to a fundamental question: why should the ancients draw with so much effort symbols that could be seen, in their totality only from above, given the total absence, according to the official scientific and historical literature, of objects that can fly over the area?
Further hint to support this theory are the "nazca landing strips" so called because some tracts of mountains at first sight turn out to be “cut” on the highest part so much to have the appearance: the thing gives a lot to think about because not being natural formations, to cut the top in that way would have taken many men and decades, considering also the tools of the time...just these considerations have paved the way for a different idea: what if the lines of Nazca were the landing strip for “ancient visitors" from the sky?
In the book "Chariots of the Gods" Erich Von Daniken argues that aliens are the authors of the drawings that could then be the footprints left on the ground by the landing of their spaceships.
According to Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier, these routes would support the thesis of the ancient astronauts, who arrived on earth during the Prehistory ("Le matin des magiciens").
Still others consider the idea of the "cargo cult" quite similar to that of some melanesian populations following the encounter with the western civilizations: the very long lines and the gigantic drawings of animals would be in fact, in their opinion, an attempt by the ancient Peruvians to run back “prehistoric astronauts” by offering their ritual gifts.
To support the alien hypothesis some design characteristics: the big spider depicted, an arachnid native to almost inaccessible areas of the Amazon forest is one of the rarest in the world and has a particular reproductive organ that is visible only under the microscope. So how did they know how to reproduce this spider without high technology? Perhaps had their civilization come into contact with someone who was much more evolved than them?
"You fly over this desert and you see some lines. The lines look like air- strips ... So I asked the Russian University, ‘Please take some samples of this: what is this?’ And they analysed it in their big microscope, and out comes - crystalline glass ... The next step would be digging. And we are not permitted. Nazca is like a holy place. Nobody may change or do anything."
-Erich von Daniken
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