The Pokotia Monolith: did the Sumerians land in South America?

The Pokotia Monolith and The Fuente Magna Bowl

In 2002, a group of researchers including Bernardo Biados and Freddy Arce, the two scholars who had already worked on the Fuente Magna bowl, found themselves conducting studies on a vaguely anthropomorphic 1.7 meter high stone statue, covered with inscriptions.
It presents itself as a male figure whose face is almost entirely eroded away, standing upright with his arms at his sides and rib-like lines on the chest. It appears to be partly clothed, with a loincloth-like garment, armbands and possibly a circlet or headdress.
Better known as The Pokotia Monolith, the Monolith of Pokotia or Pokotia Monument it was discovered in 1960 a few kilometers from the stone city of Tiwanaku and kept for years in Bolivia in the Museo de Metales Preciosos in La Paz.
During the examinations, further incisions on the back of the monolith came to light, in addition to those immediately visible that adorned the front and upper part, and which were traced by some epigraphists to the proto-Sumerian pictographic which, even if not cuneiform, would indicate that the authors they could belong to the same civilization as those who created the Fuente Magna.

The implications of the finding

This discovery would be of extreme archaeological importance because if all this were true, to justify its existence in South America it would be necessary to radically review the history of that continent but above all to understand how the Sumerians could have reached the shores of Lake Titicaca which not only came from other part of the hemisphere but it is also the navigable lake at the highest altitude (3,812 m above sea level).

From the analysis, the Monolith would seem to be prior to the classical Tiwanaku civilization but there are several discrepancies on the actual date of its birth, some place it starting from 1600 BC, others starting from 2000 BC, Arthur Posnasky, considered by many to be the father of Bolivian archaeology, says that it can be assumed 10,000 BC.
The Pokotia monument is also very similar to the Tiwanaku statues in particular they wear the same similar headdresses and have the same rib prints along the chest area.

The Pokotia Monolith: did the Sumerians land in South America?-Archaic_cuneiform_tablet

The scholar Clyde Ahmed Winters even ventured a translation of the inscriptions found on the Monolith, of which the most noteworthy would be those placed under the hands that are resting on the thighs and on the back.
According to the epigraphist, the statue represents an Oracle whose name is Putaki and the inscriptions on the back, according to an interpretation of the pictographic "quellca" (an ancient idiom spoken by a small circle of priests in the Pukara and Tiwanaku culture) would refer to explosion of a supernova, which coincided with the birth of Manco Capac (First Inca emperor) and Mama Ocllo (Goddess of fertility of Inca mythology), generated by Lake Titicaca (according to the relative legend).

The Pokotia Monolith: did the Sumerians land in South America?-Manco_Capac_y_Mama_Ocllo

According to the scholar Bernardo Biados, the Sumerians circumnavigated Africa already in the third millennium B.C.: it is probable that once they arrived near Cape Verde and having headwinds, they decided to venture into the ocean to find favorable ones, along the same route used centuries later by the Phoenicians, Carthaginians and Portuguese.

Following this hypothesis, the Sumerian navigators, in search of metals, would have found fortuitously near the coasts of Brazil, and would have headed towards the interior of the continent reaching the Andean plateau along the tributaries of the Amazon River, the Madeira River and the Beni, thanks to boats suitable for inland navigation.
Some Sumerians would then stop and mix with the Kolla and Arawak ethnic groups, while others returned to their homeland. This latter idea would also make sense of the discovery of shredded tobacco leaves, nicotine and cocaine and cannabis used in Egypt to help preserve the body tissue of some mummies.

"(Putaki) speaks (in) true measure, to send forth gladness (for all). Send forth nourish(ment).
(The oracle Putaki is) the father of wisdom (and) benefit (for all).
(The oracle) to become a visible witness of the diving decree and knowledge.
(This) pure oracle speaks the divine decree (and) makes (it) a visible witness (of the deity's power)."

-Clyde Ahmed Winters'translation of part of the inscriptions on the back side of the Pokotia Monolith

Resources related to The Pokotia Monolith: did the Sumerians land in South America?

Cover image by Theodore Scott

Article image by Barton, George A.

Article image2 by BrendaPanda

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