In Lebanon, in the Beqā valley, the ruins of Baalbek rise: this city that takes its name from the god Baal worshipped by the ancient Phoenicians who built in his honor various monuments, is known in Roman times as Heliopolis. In this very particular place stood a gigantic acropolis that had no comparison in antiquity, mainly because of the exceptional size of the stone blocks used for its construction that makes them unique in the world: 20 meters long, 4 and 3 and a half thick, with a weight of about 900 tons. In 2014, moreover, was discovered the so-called “The Stone of Janeen”, another monolith: 20 meters long, 6 meters wide and 5 meters deep, with an incredible weight of 1,665 tons, and is today, as far as we know, the largest block of stone existing on Earth.
Also the base of stone support under the three megaliths consists of a large number of blocks weighing 350 tons each and over 11 meters wide, positioned at a height of over 10 meters. Together with the ruins, however, the question remains as tohow ancient peoples, without the knowledge and the help of modern technology, could carve, transport and finally place these gigantic blocks of stone and multiple are the hypotheses in this regard.
This type of impressive building has been defined as “Trilithon” and is probably the work of a civilization with very advanced technological capacities in the construction field, historically locatable several millennia before the appropriations operated by other cultures, like the Greeks and Romans who in turn erected a temple dedicated to the hybrid form of the god Jupiter known as Heliopolitan Jupiter.
Some attribute the paternity of these works to Anunnaki or Nephilim, beings from Nibiru planet, who, according to the theory of the ancient astronauts, after arriving on Earth in the very remote age, gave an incredible impulse to the technological advancement of human civilization thanks to their superior knowledge.
Other traditions want Baalbek to be the place of the first arrival of the god Baal, reinforcing again the idea advanced by the theorists of the ancient astronauts, according to which the oldest part of the site had been built as a platform to be used to allow Baal of‘to go to heaven and return to earth’ with his "divine spaceship" ". The hypothesis arises from the fact that Eliopoli was built on a huge stone platform of pre-Roman Era of which there is still very little knowledge.
Another particular theory is about the Giants who inhabited those lands, that with their stature out of the ordinary and with their strength could erect this megastructure, some confirmation of this would also be found in the Bible, in the Book of Numbers in reference to the children of Anak.
The most realistic solution was offered by Jean-Pierre Adam, a French archaeologist, specializing in ancient architecture than in his book ”A propos du Trilithon de Baalbek. Le transport et la mise en oeuvre des mégalithes” claims that processing and installation of the monoliths would be carried out by the common man thanks to simple mechanisms consisting of levers, counterweights, wooden wheels, trunks of the tree and hooks of various shapes.
However, this last explanation appears deficient as it does not clarify how wood logs or simple wheels could have held a weight of 900 tons.
"Look over the walls, to the green groves of white-stemmed poplars; and over them to the distant Lebanon, a shimmer of mauve and blue and gold and rose. Look along the mountains to the void: the desert, that stony, empty sea. Drink the high air. Stroke the stone with your own soft hands. Say goodbye to the West if you own it. And then turn, tourist, to the East."
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